Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Bill Gates house was designed using a Macintosh computer.
 By the year 2012 there will be approximately 17 billion devices connected to the Internet.

 Domain names are being registered at a rate of more than one million names every month.

 E-mail has been around longer than the World Wide Web.

 The average 21 year old has spent 5,000 hours playing video games,has exchanged 250,000 e-mails, instant and text messages and has spent 10,000 hours on the mobile phone.

 Another name for a Microsoft Windows tutorial is 'Crash Course'!

 One of every 8 married couples in the US last year met online.

 The average computer user blinks 7 times a minute, less than half the normal rate of 20.

 The first banner advertising was used in 1994.
 The first computer mouse was invented by Doug Engelbart in around 1964 and was made of wood.

The world's first computer, called the Z1, was invented by Konrad Zuse in 1936. His next invention, the Z2 was finished in 1939 and was the first fully functioning electro-mechanical computer
There are approximately 1,319,872,109 people on the Internet.

While it took the radio 38 years, and the television a short 13 years, it took the World Wide Web only 4 years to reach 50 million users.

20.70% of virus writers work under contract for organized crime syndicates
The worst MS-DOS virus ever, Michelangelo (1991) attacked the boot sector of your hard drive and any floppy drive inserted into the computer, which caused the virus to spread rapidly.
A virus can not appear on your computer all by iself. You have to get it by sharing infected files or diskettes, or by downloading infected files from the Internet.
Country with the highest percentage of net users is Sweden (75%).

The first popular web browser was called Mosaic and was released in 1993. 
There are approximately 1.06 billion instant messaging accounts worldwide.

1.       World First Digital Camera (1975): Created by Kodak's engineer Steve Sasson

In December 1975, Kodak engineer Steve Sasson invented something that would, decades later, revolutionize photography: the world’s first digital camera. It was the size of a toaster, and captured black and white images at a resolution of 100×100 - or 0.01 megapixels in today’s marketing terminology. The images were stored on cassette tape, taking 23 seconds to write. The camera uses an ADC from Motorola, a bog-standard (for the 1970s) lens from a Kodak movie camera, and a CCD chip from Fairchild Semiconductor - the same technology that digital cameras still use today. To playback the images, a special computer and tape reader setup (pictured below) was built, outputting the grainy images on a standard TV. It took a further 23 seconds to read each image from tape
2. World's First Motel (1925): Motel Inn

Motel Inn in San Luis Obispo, California, is the world’s first motel. It was built in 1925 by LA architect Arthur Heineman, who coined the term motel meaning "motor hotel." Motel Inn was originally called the Milestone Mo-Tel. Back then, one night stay was $1.25. Heineman couldn’t afford the trademark registration fee, so his competitors were able to use the word "motel." The motel is still in operation today.

3. World's First Album Cover (1938): Smash Song Hits by Rodgers and Hart

Before Alex Steinweiss, then a 23-year-old designer, invented album covers in 1938 for Columbia Records, albums were sold in plain brown wrappers. The album "Smash Song Hits by Rodgers and Hart" was the very first album cover in the world.

4. World's First Novel (1007): Tale of Genji

More than a thousend years ago, on 1007, a Japanese court lady put the finishing touches on what is considered the world's first novel. Spanning 75 years, more than 350 characters, and brimming with romantic poems, the "Tale of Genji" tells the story of an emperor's son, his quest for love, and the many women he meets along the way. It is attributed to the Japanese noblewoman Murasaki Shikibu

 5. World's First Web Server and Web Site (1990): a NeXT computer at CERN

Info.cern.ch was the address of the world's first-ever web site and web server, running on a NeXT computer at CERN. The first web page address was http://info. cern.ch/hypertex t/WWW/TheProject .html, made by Tim Berners-Lee.

6. World's First Motorcycle (1885): Daimler's "riding car"
The First Motorcycle was designed and built by the German inventors Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Bad Cannstatt (Stuttgart) in 1885. It was essentially a motorised bicycle, although the inventors called their invention the Reitwagen ("riding car"). It was also the first petroleum-powered vehicle.

 7. World's First X-Ray (1895): Röntgen's wife hand
In 1895 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, professor of physics the University of Wurburg in Germany, was doing experiments with electrical discharges in evacuated glass tubes. Late in 1895 Wilhelm Röntgen was alone at night doing his experiments, this time in the dark and noticed a glow was produced on the wall, which he knew was not caused by fluorescence or visible light. He named these new, unidentified rays 'X' or if you prefer; X-rays. After several months of playing with his discovery he noticed that objects place in the path of the rays cast shadows and created images on the wall. Soon after he used a photographic plate and had his wife, Frau Röntgen, place her hand in the path of the X-rays, creating the world's first X-ray picture. In 1901 Wilhelm Röntgen was awarded the very first Nobel Prize in Physics for this discovery.

8. World's First Computer Mouse (1964): by Douglas Engelbart
The world's first computer mouse was made by Douglas Engelbart in 1964, it consisted of two gear-wheels positioned perpendicular to each other -- allowing movement on one axis. Ergonomic shape, great button placement -- and it's made of wood.

 9. World's First Skyscraper (1885): Home Insurance Building in Chicago
Considered to be the first skyscraper in the world due to the building's unique architecture and unique weight bearing frame, the Home Insurance Building was built in 1885 in Chicago, Illinois and demolished in 1931 to make way for the Field Building (now the LaSalle National Bank Building). It was the first building to use structural steel in its frame, but the majority of its structure was composed of cast and wrought iron. It was the first tall building to be supported, both inside and outside, by a fireproof metal frame. It had 10 stories and rose to a height of 138 feet (42 m) high.

10. World's First Concept Car (1938): Buick Y-Job
Designed in 1938 by the famous General Motors designer Harley Earl, the Buick Y-Job is considered by most to be the first concept car. The car had power-operated hidden headlamps, "gunsight" hood ornament, wraparound bumpers, flush door handles, and prefigured styling cues used by Buick until the 1950s.

 11. World's First MP3 Player (1998): MPMan 32MB
Released in 1998, the Eiger Labs MPMan was the world's first MP3 player, boasting 32MB of internal memory -- expandable to 64MB. Available in F10 or F20 models, the latter boasting SmartMedia compatibility, this player set you back a mere $69 + shipping. It measures a slim 91 x 70 x 16.5 mm
12. World's First Crossword (1913): Arthur Wynne's Invention

In 1913, Arthur Wynne had the job of devising the weekly puzzle page for Fun, the eight-page comic section of the New York World, a major newspaper of the time. When he devised what he called a Word-cross for the Christmas edition, published on 21 December, he could have no idea that he would be starting a worldwide craze.

13. World's First Microprocessor (1971): Intel 4004
In November, 1971, a company called Intel publicly introduced the world's first single chip microprocessor, the Intel 4004 (U.S. Patent #3,821,715), invented by Intel engineers Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stan Mazor. After the invention of integrated circuits revolutionized computer design, the only place to go was down -- in size that is. The Intel 4004 chip took the integrated circuit down one step further by placing all the parts that made a computer think (i.e. central processing unit, memory, input and output controls) on one small chip. Programming intelligence into inanimate objects had now become possible.

14. World's First Magazine (1731): The Gentleman's Magazine

The Gentleman's Magazine, first published in 1731, in London, is considered to have been the first magazine. Edward Cave, who edited The Gentleman's Magazine under the pen name "Sylvanus Urban", was the first to use the term "magazine", on the analogy of a military storehouse of varied materiel, originally derived from the Arabic makazin "storehouses" . It ceased publication in September, 1907.

 15. World's First Photograph (1826): "View from the Window at Le Gras"
Centuries of advances in chemistry and optics, including the invention of the camera obscura, set the stage for the world’s first photograph. In 1826, French scientist Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, took that photograph, titled View from the Window at Le Gras at his family’s country home. Niépce produced his photo—a view of a courtyard and outbuildings seen from the house’s upstairs window—by exposing a bitumen-coated plate in a camera  obscura  for several hours on his windowsill


No.41018/2/2011-Estt. (Res.)
Government of India
Ministry of Personnel Public Grievances & Pensions
Department of Personnel & Training

North Block, New Delhi- 110001
Dated the 22nd December, 2011


Subject:- Reservation for Other Backward Classes in Civil Posts and Services under the Govt. of India — Sub-quota for Minority Communities.

   The undersigned is directed to invite attention to this Department’s O.M. No.36012/22/93-Estt.(SCT) dated 8th September, 1993 regarding reservation for Other Backward Classes in civil posts and services under the Government of India.

   2. The Government of India had set up the National Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities to suggest criteria for the identification of the socially and economically backward sections amongst Religious and Linguistic Minorities and to recommend measures for their welfare, including reservation in Government employment. The Commission submitted its report to the Government on l0th May, 2007. wherein it had, inter-alia, recommended creation of a sub-quota for minorities from within the reservation of 27% available to OBCs, in Government employment.

   3. The Government have carefully considered the above recommendation and it has been decided to carve out a sub-quota of 4.5% for minorities, as detined under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992, from within the 27% reservation for OBCs as notified by the aforesaid O.M. The castes / communities of the said minorities which are included in the Central list of OBCs, notified state-wise from time to time by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, shall be covered by the said sub-quota.

   4. Similar instructions in respect of public sector undertakings and financial institutions including public sector banks will be issued by the Department of Public Enterprises and by the Ministry of Finance respectively.

   5. These orders will have effect from 1st January, 2012 and the O.M. No. 36012/22/93-Estt. (SCT), dated 8th September, 1993 stands modified to the above extent.

6. The Hindi version of the O.M. follows.

(Sharad Kumar Srivastava)
Under Secretary to the Government of India

Click here to view OM

Three EPF rates and a dilemma awaiting finance minister Pranab Mukherjee
Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee will have a tough task on his hands when the three different recommendations for this year's employees' provident fund (EPF) rate reach his desk. The PF office has few reliable numbers about its liabilities or income.That will make it difficult for the finance minister to choose between the three recommended EPF rates of 8.25%, 8.5% and 9.5%.

With crucial state polls on the horizon, Mukherjee will not want to be the bearer of bad news to 6.16 crore workers about a rate cut in the EPF when bank deposits are delivering close to 10% returns.

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is yet to clear the PF office's accounts, forcing its board to skip the deadline for presenting its accounts to Parliament for the first time in 60 years. The CAG's draft report bluntly says that EPFO's book-keeping systems violate accounting standards and do not conform with the format specified by the government.

That the PF office has failed to meet the commitments it made to the finance ministry over last year's EPF rate decision, won't help. Mukherjee's ministry had questioned the veracity of EPF accounts when the PF office 'discovered' a surplus of 1,733 crore and recommended a 9.5% PF rate.

The finance ministry agreed to the 9.5% rate on the condition that the PF office update all member accounts within six months and ensure there is no shortfall in income. On both counts, the EPFO has failed to deliver.

Nearly 4.85 crore accounts were still to be updated on November 22, as per EPFO's submissions to its board's finance committee last week. More damning is the admission that it had made a huge 5.7% error in its income estimates for 2010-11 that led to an eventual income shortfall of 854 crore. Given that it now manages a corpus of 4,66,000 crore, an error of this magnitude is alarming. With interest payments promised at 9.5%, the PF office ended up with a 510 crore deficit on its 2010-11 operations - which it will now be forced to fund from its income for 2011-12.

This accounting fiasco may have forced EPFO to recommend a 1.25% cut in the EPF rate so that it doesn't end up with more contingent liabilities. But there are other pressure points it will find hard to explain when the finance minister reviews its state of affairs and the minutes of the EPFO board's finance committee. EPFO officials had hoped to boost income for 2011-12 with a decision to stop interest credits from April 2011 on old inoperative accounts, where no fresh contributions have come for three years or more. They had hoped to use the savings from these accounts to fund a higher EPF rate for the year.

But now the PF office is neither aware of how much money remains in such inoperative accounts, nor is it clear if the decision to cease interest payments is lawful.

"The amendment regarding not giving interest on inoperative accounts may be subject to judicial scrutiny which may have an adverse effect on liability," officials told their board's finance committee, explaining why interest savings on such accounts cannot be ascertained or used to pay other employees.

The panel was also informed that there are about 125,000 firms whose accounts have never been updated since the date they were brought under the EPF net. Accounts of another 43,000 firms haven't been migrated to the current accounting system of the EPFO. Together, they add up to 25.4% of the 6.6 lakh firms under the EPFO. The interest liabilities that remain to be credited to these accounts, the EPFO cannot assess.


Aakash Tablet PC is mini laptop or tablet pc introduced by Human Resource Development Minister, Kapil Sibal. Aakash tablet PC is world ‘s first low price tablet pc which made for students and teachers and government will pay 50% subsidy on each purchase of product. It is manufacture by DataWind, UK and developed by IIT Rajasthan and datawind company.

Government ordered 1,00,000 pc tablet which will 10000 delivered to IIT Rajasthan and 90,000 tablet will be distribution for other institution and market. It is not available in market for sale. After three or four month after, will launch in market for sale. The cost of Aakash tablet PC will be Rs. 1100 to Rs. 1500 for students and Rs. 2250 to Rs. 2999.
Aakash tablet pc has many features and specification which make it best device. This tablet work on Android 2.2 operating system with 7 inch touch screen display, 256 MB ram, 2 GB hard drive which expendable to 32 GB by micro MMC and 2-3 hour battery backup. This device support various document, video and audio formats and also compatible for Internet browser and wi-fi connectivity.

Courtesy : www.aakashtabletpc.com